Medicinal Herbs

Common Name  Latin Name  Uses, Comments 
absinthe Artemisia absinthium (Leaves) Stimulates appetite and improves digestion (Perennial)
aloe Aloe vera (Leaves) Gel from leaves used topically to treat minor burns and skin irritations, insect bites and poison ivy; moisturizing and softening properties (Annual)
angelica Angelica archangelica (Flowers, Fruit, Leaves, Seeds) Used for heartburn, intestinal gas, loss of appetite, overnight urination, arthritisstrokedementia, circulation problems, nervousness and anxiety, fever, plague, and trouble sleeping (Biennial)
basil Ocimum basilicum (Leaves) Improves digestion (Annual)
bee balm Monarda didyma (Leaves) Good for coughs, sore throats and nausea (Perennial)
blue vervain Verbena hastata (Flowers, Leaves) Used to treat indigestion, depression, fevers, colds, coughs, cramps, jaundice, and headaches; externally, it is used for acne, ulcers and cuts (Perennial)
boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum (Flowers, Leaves) Treats fevers (including ‘breakbone’ fever), coughs, and colds; arthritis, minor inflammation; indigestion, constipation (Perennial)
bronze fennel Foeniculum vulgare ‘Purpureum’ (Leaves, Roots) Fennel tea given to infants for its calming and anti-flatulent properties; aids in digestion (Annual)
butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa (Roots) Used as lung expectorant; helps treat respiratory problems; anti-inflammatory  (Perennial)
calendula Calendula officinalis (Flowers) Remedy for skin ailments; has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant (Leaves, Roots) External compress for sprains, strains, cuts and wounds (Perennial)
common horehound Marrubium vulgare (Leaves) Used in cough drops, cough syrup, medicinal candies; tea made from
leaves and honey soothes sore throat (Perennial)
common sage Salvia officinalis (Flowers, Leaves) Remedy for sore throats, coughs and colds (Perennial)
common thyme Thymus vulgaris (Flowers, Leaves) For coughs, colds and flu; calms coughs and clears bronchial mucus; antibacterial and antiviral properties  (Perennial)
common yarrow Achillea
(Flowers, Leaves) Diuretic, leaves stop bleeding; used in herbal tea to help treat fevers (Perennial)
costmary Tanacetum balsamita (Leaves) Teas help colds, upset stomachs and cramps; also known as bible leaf, as leaves were used as bookmarks in Bibles (Perennial)
dill Anethum graveolens (Seeds) Seeds were once boiled into wine to cure flatulence, aids in digestion (Annual)
elecampane Inula helenium (Roots) Used for upper respiratory problems (Perennial)
elderberry Sambucus canadensis (Flowers, Fruits) Berries high in vitamin C; used to treat flu; flower water used to soothe and tone sensitive skin (Perennial)
European arnica Arnica montana (Flowers) Used in ointments and liniments to ease body aches and sore muscles (Annual)
feverfew Tanacetum parthenium (Leaves) Treats inflammation, migraines; lowers body temperature in fevers (Perennial)
fig Ficus carica (Fruits, Stalks) Fresh or dried fruit used to relieve toothache, improve canker sores, strengthen nails; natural laxative; sap of stalks used in wart removal (Perennial)
flax Linum usitatissimum (Seeds) Used in poultice to treat rheumatism and infections (Annual)
ginger Zingiber officinale (Rhizomes) Popular in Chinese medicine; treats colds, nausea, arthritis; aids in digestion (Annual)
gingko Ginkgo biloba (Leaves, Seeds) Aids brain efficiency, respiratory system (Perennial)
hops Humulus lupulus (Strobiles) Dried strobiles have sedative effects and help treat stress, anxiety, insomnia; anti-viral and anti-microbial properties (Perennial)
horseradish Armoracia rusticana (Flowers, Roots) Digestive stimulant, diuretic; cold remedy, chest and sinus congestion; increases circulation (Perennial)
Jamaican mint Micromeria viminea (Leaves) Used in teas to relieve indigestion (Annual)
lavender Lavandula angustifolia (Flowers, Leaves) Used to treat headaches, anxiety, depression, nausea; helps promote sleep; most popular essential oil in the world (Perennial)
lemon balm Melissa officinalis (Leaves) Used as a tea to cure fevers, calm nerves and stimulate the heart (Perennial)
lemon thyme Thymus × citriodorus (Flowers, Leaves) For coughs and flu (Perennial)
licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra (Roots) Used to soothe coughs, throat and chest complaints; improves flavor of bitter medicinal teas (Perennial)
marshmallow Althaea officinalis (Roots) Soothes irritations and inflammations of the skin, throat, eyes, lungs and urinary organs; also treats coughs and colds (Perennial)
meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria (Flowers) Useful for flu, gout, rheumatism, arthritis and fever (Perennial)
mint Mentha spp. (Leaves) Aids in digestion, relieves cold symptoms (Perennial)
monkshood Aconitum carmichaelii (Leaves, Roots) Use in topical anesthetic ointment; has narcotic properties (CAUTION: Can be extremely poisonous) (Perennial)
parsley Petroselinum crispum
(Leaves, Roots, Seeds) Diuretic, circulatory and anti-inflammatory effects contribute to its ability to fight infections of the urinary tract (Annual)
peppermint Mentha × piperita (Leaves) Used in herbal teas to aid digestion, soothe headaches (Perennial)
purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea
(Roots) Strengthens immune system, treats cold and flu; antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties (Perennial)
rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis (Leaves) Used for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties; can help improve memory and boost mood; oil used to relieve tension, headaches, stimulate brain activity and calm indigestion (Annual)
skullcap Scutellaria baicalensis (Flowers, Leaves) Ancient sleep aid remedy, nerve tonic, sedative; reduces anxiety and nervousness; relieves cold, fever; lowers blood pressure and cholesterol (Perennial)
sweet cicley Myrrhis odorata (Leaves, Roots) Used for asthma and other breathing problemscough, digestion problems, chest and throat complaints; an ointment made from the roots has been used to ease gout and soothe wounds (Perennial)
turmeric Curcuma longa (Rhizomes) Roots contain powerful antioxidants; anti-inflammatory, pain relief; helps with cancers, Alzheimer’s, psoriasis (Annual)
valerian Valeriana officinalis (Rhizomes) Dried rhizomes used to treat nervous system problems, insomnia, anxiety, headaches; sedative properties (Perennial)
wall germander Teucruium chamaedrys (Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Treats gout and rheumatism; medicinal qualities similar to horehound (Perennial)
wild lettuce Lactuca virosa (Leaves) Used for its pain-relieving and sedative effects; treats insomnia, anxiety and decreases gastrointestinal inflammation and uteran contractions (Perennial)
wild quinine Parthenium integrifolium (Flowers, Leaves, Roots) Diuretic, aids kidney and bladder complaints; immune enhancing properties similar to Echinacea (Perennial)