Herbal Supplements

Common Name Latin Name (Parts Used) Uses
African basil Ocimum × africanum

Adulterant of Ocimum tenuiflorum

(Leaves, Seeds) Medicinally used to treat stress, anxiety, heart disease, arthritis, diabetes, and dementia. The leaves are made into a paste that is applied topically to treat skin diseases. It is also applied to wounds and burns that are not healing well. Herbal tea is made from the leaves (Annual)

common yarrow

Achillea millefolium (Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used for fever, common cold, hay fever, absence of menstruation, dysentery, diarrhea, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal tract discomfort, and to induce sweating. Some people chew the fresh leaves to relieve toothache. Applied to the skin to stop bleeding from hemorrhoids, for wounds, and as a sitz bath for painful, lower pelvic, cramp-like conditions in women. Taken internally by capsule or extract form. Also a common ingredient in herbal teas (Perennial)


Allium schoenoprasum

Adulterant of Allium sativum

(Leaves) Medicinally used for its beneficial effect on the digestive system and blood circulation. Chives contain both choline and folate, each of which are linked to improving memory functions. Studies suggest that alliums, including chives, could help prevent cancer. Taken internally in extract form and commonly prepared in food (Perennial)


Coriandrum sativum

Adulterant of Petroselium crispum

(Leaves) Medicinally used to help remove metals such as mercury, lead and aluminum from the body. Which might help some antibiotics and antiviral medicines work better. May also help eliminate certain bacteria that cause infections. Commonly prepared in food (Annual)
clove basil Ocimum gratissimum

Adulterant of Ocimum tenuiflorum

(Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used in treatments for digestive issues, headache and the flu. The essential oils in love basil -eugenol and thymol- are used internally and externally. The oil is used externally for skin infections. An herbal tea is made from the leaves (Annual)
coleus Plectranthus spp.

Adulterant of Plectranthus barbatus

Medicinal use unknown (Annual)
common thyme

Thymus vulgaris

(Flowers, Leaves) Medicinally used for cough relief and clearing bronchial mucus. Antibacterial and antiviral properties. Taken by mouth, applied to the skin, gargled, or inhaled for health purposes. The plant contains compounds like thymol that is known to control or neutralize certain bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections. Taken internally by capsule form and herbal tea is made from the flowers and leaves (Perennial)
forskohlii Plectranthus barbatus (Roots) Forskolin is a natural substance extracted from the root, medicinally used to treat hypertension, congestive heart failure, eczema, colic, respiratory disorders, painful urination, insomnia and convulsions. Also used to treat high blood pressure and asthma. Research suggests that eye drops containing forskolin may help protect against glaucoma and relieve inner eye pressure. Small study showed it to promote weight loss (Annual)
great yellow gentian Gentiana lutea (Rhizomes, Roots) Medicinally used for digestion problems such as loss of appetite, fullness, intestinal gas, diarrhea, gastritis, heartburn and vomiting. Also used for fever, hysteria, diabetes and high blood pressure. Some people use gentian to prevent muscle spasms, treat parasitic worms, start menstrual periods and as a germ killer. Infusions, extracts, and teas of gentian roots and rhizomes are taken internally (Perennial)

holy basil

Ocimum tenuiflorum (Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used to treat many conditions, including H1N1 flu, diabetes, the common cold, headache, fever, stress, upset stomach, earache and more. Also used as a mosquito repellant and topically to treat ringworm. Holy basil is an adaptogenic herb, meaning the plant contains substances that help boost the body’s resilience in dealing with stressors. Taken internally by capsule form or prepared in food. Herbal tea is made from the dried plant (Annual)


Humulus lupulus (Female Flowers) Medicinally used to improve appetite and digestion, relieve toothache pain and treat insomnia. Valued in modern herbal medicine for its soothing and sedative effects. A sachet of dried hops under a pillow is considered effective for fighting insomnia and inducing sleep. Tea made from strobiles is good for calming nervous tension (Perennial)

king of bitters

Andrographis paniculata (Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used for flu, fevers, including malaria, wounds, ulcers, inflammations, skin diseases, intestinal worms and digestive disorders. In Chinese medicine it clears Heat and detoxifies Fire Poison. The herb is a bitter tonic with potent antibacterial, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties. There is evidence that it also has liver-protecting action. Taken internally by capsule or powder form (Annual)

Monnier’s snowparsley

Cnidium monnieri

Adulterant of Petroselium crispum

(Seed) Medicinally used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years, often for skin conditions. Common ingredient in Chinese lotions, creams, and ointments.
People take cnidium by mouth for increasing sexual performance and sex drive, and for treating erectile dysfunction. It is also used for infertility, bodybuilding, cancer, weak bones (osteoporosis) and fungal and bacterial infections. Some people also take it to increase energy. Applied directly to the skin for itchiness, rashes, eczema and ringworm. Taken internally by capsule, powder or extract form (Annual)


Petroselium crispum

(Leaves, Roots, Seeds) Medicinally used for its diuretic, circulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. It also has the ability to fight infections of the urinary tract such as cystitis. Taken internally by capsule form and prepared in food. An herbal tea is made from the leaves (Annual)

passion fruit

Passiflora edulis

Adulterant of Passiflora incarnata

(Flowers, Fruit, Leaves) Medicinally used to lower blood pressure, and treat nervous disorders, bronchial conditions, arthritis, asthma, insomnia, gastrointestinal disorders and menopausal symptoms. Carotenoids and polyphenols in extract of the yellow fruit can also kill cancer cells in vitro. Taken internally by being made into a tonic and herbal tea (Annual)

red clover

Trifolium pratense

(Flowers) Medicinally used for its expectorant and antispasmodic actions, having a role in the treatment of coughs and bronchitis, especially whooping cough.  Safely used in adults and children to treat skin disorders such as eczema and psoriasis. Also used to treat women’s health problems such as menopausal and menstrual symptoms. Assists body in removing metabolic waste products, so has blood-purifying properties (Perennial)

Tibetan gentian

Gentiana tibetica

Adulterant of Gentiana lutea

(Rhizomes, Roots) Medicinally used historically as a digestive bitter, which stimulates bile production and enhances liver function. Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat arthritis (Perennial)

white clover

Trifolium repens

Adulterant of Trifolium pretense

(Flowers) Medicinally used to purify and cleanse the blood. Tea made from blossoms used to fight fevers, coughs and colds. Beneficial in the treatment of gout and rheumatism pain (Perennial)

wild carrot

Daucus carota

Adulterant of Achillea millefolium

(Flowers, Roots) Medicinally used for urinary tract problems including kidney stones, bladder problems, water retention and excess uric acid in the urine. Also used for gout, a painful joint problem caused by too much uric acid. Taken internally by powder form or cooked. Oil from the seed is used cosmetically in wrinkle creams (Perennial)

Adulterant = a substance added to a product but not listed as an ingredient. An adulterant may cause a product to be harmful, cheaper to make, or not work as it should.