Herbal Supplements

Common Name Latin Name (Parts Used) Uses
African basil Ocimum × africanum

Adulterant of Ocimum tenuiflorum

(Leaves, Seeds) Medicinally used to treat stress, anxiety, heart disease, arthritis, diabetes, and dementia. The leaves are made into a paste that is applied topically to treat skin diseases. It is also applied to wounds and burns that are not healing well. Herbal tea is made from the leaves (Annual)
collard greens Brassica oleracea

(Leaves) Medicinally used as an antioxidant; for anemia, heart disease, constipation, diabetes, glaucoma, high cholesterol, loss of vision (macular degeneration), and weight loss. Also used to prevent bladder cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and scurvy. Taken internally by being prepared in food (Annual)

common yarrow

Achillea millefolium (Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used for fever, common cold, hay fever, absence of menstruation, dysentery, diarrhea, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal tract discomfort, and to induce sweating. Some people chew the fresh leaves to relieve toothache. Applied to the skin to stop bleeding from hemorrhoids, for wounds, and as a sitz bath for painful, lower pelvic, cramp-like conditions in women. Taken internally by capsule or extract form. Also a common ingredient in herbal teas (Perennial)


Allium schoenoprasum

Adulterant of Allium sativum

(Leaves) Medicinally used for its beneficial effect on the digestive system and blood circulation. Chives contain both choline and folate, each of which are linked to improving memory functions. Studies suggest that alliums, including chives, could help prevent cancer. Taken internally in extract form and commonly prepared in food (Perennial)
clove basil Ocimum gratissimum

Adulterant of Ocimum tenuiflorum

(Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used in treatments for digestive issues, headache and the flu. The essential oils in love basil -eugenol and thymol- are used internally and externally. The oil is used externally for skin infections. An herbal tea is made from the leaves (Annual)

Allium sativum

(Cloves) Medicinally used to fight off infections, especially in the gut and lungs. Modern research has confirmed that garlic can kill a number of diarrhea causing organisms. Protects the gastrointestinal tract and helps lower cholesterol and blood pressure. Taken internally by being prepared in food or in capsule form. Raw garlic is the most optimal form (Perennial)

holy basil

Ocimum tenuiflorum (Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used to treat many conditions, including H1N1 flu, diabetes, the common cold, headache, fever, stress, upset stomach, earache and more. Also used as a mosquito repellant and topically to treat ringworm. Holy basil is an adaptogenic herb, meaning the plant contains substances that help boost the body’s resilience in dealing with stressors. Taken internally by capsule form or prepared in food. Herbal tea is made from the dried plant (Annual)


Humulus lupulus (Female Flowers) Medicinally used to improve appetite and digestion, relieve toothache pain and treat insomnia. Valued in modern herbal medicine for its soothing and sedative effects. A sachet of dried hops under a pillow is considered effective for fighting insomnia and inducing sleep. Tea made from strobiles is good for calming nervous tension (Perennial)


Brassica oleracea Adulterant of Brassica oleracea var viridis Medicinally used to possibly manage blood pressure, boost digestive health, and protect against cancer and type 2 diabetes. It is popularly known as a superfood.
Taken internally in powdered form and commonly prepared in food

king of bitters

Andrographis paniculata (Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used for flu, fevers, including malaria, wounds, ulcers, inflammations, skin diseases, intestinal worms and digestive disorders. In Chinese medicine it clears Heat and detoxifies Fire Poison. The herb is a bitter tonic with potent antibacterial, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties. There is evidence that it also has liver-protecting action. Taken internally by capsule or powder form (Annual)

passion flower

Passiflora incarnata

(Flowers, Leaves, Stems) Medicinally used for treating anxiety, insomnia, and nervous disorders. It is also used for pain, heart rhythm problems, menopausal symptoms, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Taken internally by capsule and extract form. An herbal tea is made from the dried plant (Annual)

passion fruit

Passiflora edulis

Adulterant of Passiflora incarnata

(Flowers, Fruit, Leaves) Medicinally used to lower blood pressure, and treat nervous disorders, bronchial conditions, arthritis, asthma, insomnia, gastrointestinal disorders and menopausal symptoms. Carotenoids and polyphenols in extract of the yellow fruit can also kill cancer cells in vitro. Taken internally by being made into a tonic and herbal tea (Annual)

red clover

Trifolium pratense

(Flowers) Medicinally used for its expectorant and antispasmodic actions, having a role in the treatment of coughs and bronchitis, especially whooping cough.  Safely used in adults and children to treat skin disorders such as eczema and psoriasis. Also used to treat women’s health problems such as menopausal and menstrual symptoms. Assists body in removing metabolic waste products, so has blood-purifying properties. Taken internally by capsule and extract form. An herbal tea is made from the flowers (Perennial)


Carthamus tinctorius

Adulterant of Crocus sativus
(Flowers, Seeds) Medicinally used for preventing heart disease, including “hardening of the arteries” and stroke. It is also used to treat fever, tumors, coughs, breathing problems, clotting conditions, pain, heart disease, chest pain, and traumatic injuries. Some people use it to induce sweating; and as a laxative, stimulant, antiperspirant, and expectorant to help loosen phlegm. Women sometimes use safflower oil for absent or painful menstrual periods. It is taken internally in oil form and flowers are made into an herbal tea. Also commonly prepared in food (Perennial)

saffron crocus

Crocus sativus

(Flowers) Medicinally used for asthma, cough, whooping cough, and to loosen phlegm. It is also used for sleep problems, cancer, “hardening of the arteries,” intestinal gas, depression, Alzheimer’s disease, fright, shock, spitting up blood, pain, heartburn, and dry skin. It is taken internally in capsule or extract form. Ingredient in cosmetics and applied topically to skin. Also commonly prepared in food (Annual)

white clover

Trifolium repens

Adulterant of Trifolium pretense

(Flowers) Medicinally used to purify and cleanse the blood. Also used to fight fevers, coughs and colds. Beneficial in the treatment of gout and rheumatism pain. Taken internally by drinking herbal tea made from the flowers (Perennial)

wild carrot

Daucus carota

Adulterant of Achillea millefolium

(Flowers, Roots) Medicinally used for urinary tract problems including kidney stones, bladder problems, water retention and excess uric acid in the urine. Also used for gout, a painful joint problem caused by too much uric acid. Taken internally by powder form or cooked. Oil from the seed is used cosmetically in wrinkle creams (Perennial)

Adulterant = a substance added to a product but not listed as an ingredient. An adulterant may cause a product to be harmful, cheaper to make, or not work as it should.